Grown through plasma–assisted molecular beam epitaxy, the nanowires they obtained exhibited a similar crystalline perfection, a lower degree of coalescence, a higher concentration of stacking faults, and a reduced density of inversion domain boundaries than those prepared on Si substrates, they reported.
At the same time, bending the Ti foil substrate even to a radius of 4mm didn't affect the nanowires' structure, showing their very good adhesion.
"The next step will be to grow NWs with doped segments and an active region on Ti foils, and then we will adapt our established LED processing procedure to the new type of substrate. We believe that in particular the spinning of an insulating material that fills the space between the NWs will require optimization. The subsequent deposition of a top electrode will be very similar to the processing on Si", explained Dr. Lutz Geelhaar, Head of the Epitaxy Department, pointing eeNews Europe to his team's previous work on the characterization of (In,Ga)N/GaN nanowires-based LEDs.
So would this yield clusters of LED-forming NWs or would the researchers aim at individually addressing nano-sized LEDs from this high density carpet of LEDs?
"By patterning the top electrode, LEDs can be fabricated that can be individually addressed even though they share the same conductive substrate" Geelhaar answered.