Automotive LED drivers offer simple buck-boost solution

October 10, 2018 // By Julien Happich
The ALT80802 is Allegro MicroSystems addresses a key market trend of 3-4 White LEDs in a single string powered from 12 V battery input.

The high-frequency switching regulator provides constant output current to drive high-power LEDs. It is designed to aid in EMC/EMI design by frequency dithering, soft freewheel diode turn-off, and well controlled switch node slew rates. A programmable oscillator allows the device to switch up to 2.5 MHz, outside EMI-sensitive frequency bands such as the AM band. It integrates a power MOSFET for step-down (buck) or inverting buck-boost conversion. The 50 V-rated Enable pin can be tied to Vin for automatic startup, to support battery-level PWM dimming common in legacy body controllers. The wide input range of 3.8 to 50 V makes the ALT80802 highly flexible. The ALT80802 can be operated in buck mode up to 2 Amps, to drive 1-2 WLEDs from the battery or up to 12 WLEDs from a pre-boost supply.

The control loop of the ALT80802 is designed for PWM dimming operation to achieve low dimming on-time, low turn-on overshoot, accurate PWM duty cycle, and wide dimming range. Extensive protection features include pulse-by pulse current limit, hiccup mode short-circuit protection, open/short freewheeling diode protection, BOOT open/short voltage protection, VIN under voltage lockout, and thermal shutdown. The chip is AEC-Q100 automotive qualified and is available in a small 10 pin DFN package with thermal pad and wettable flank.

Allegro MicroSystems Europe - www.allegromicro.com


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